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Understanding Criminal Trespass Laws in Arizona
At The Law Office of Daniel Hutto, we understand the complexities surrounding criminal trespass laws in the state of Arizona. If you find yourself facing criminal trespass charges, seek legal representation from a experienced defense attorney who can guide you through the legal process and protect your rights.
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What You Should Know About Criminal Trespass Laws in Arizona
What is Criminal Trespass?
In Arizona, criminal trespass is generally defined as knowingly entering or remaining unlawfully on a property after being requested to leave, without permission from the owner, or in violation of a posted sign warning of trespass. The severity of the offense can vary depending on the circumstances involved.
In Arizona the key differences between first and second degree criminal trespass can mainly be found in the severity of the offence and the type of property that is unlawfully entered:
First-Degree Criminal Trespass
- Typically includes entering or remaining unlawfully on a residential structure or a fenced residential yard, with in some cases an intended act of looking into a residential structure in a surreptitious manner. Also includes entering or remaining unlawfully in a critical public service facility.
- It’s a more severe offense, generally classified as a Class 6 felony or Class 5 felony depending on the particulars of the incident.
Second-Degree Criminal Trespass
- Typically includes entering or remaining unlawfully in or on any non-residential property or an unfenced residential yard.
- It’s a less severe offence, generally classified as a Class 2 misdemeanor.
Both types of criminal trespass involve someone intentionally being in a place or on property without permission, but first-degree trespass generally involves residential or key public properties and carries a higher potential penalty.
Third-Degree Criminal Trespass
In Arizona, third-degree criminal trespass is defined as the unlawful entry or remaining on a property after the owner has made a reasonable request or issued a warning to leave. More specifically, this might include entering or remaining unlawfully on any real property after a reasonable request to leave by the owner or any other person having lawful control over the property.
Another example is entering or remaining unlawfully on the right-of-way for tracks or the storage or switching yards or rolling stock of a railroad company.
This is considered a Class 3 misdemeanor in Arizona.
Potential Penalties for Criminal Trespass
The penalties for criminal trespass in Arizona vary depending on the degree of the offense.
First-Degree Criminal Trespass Penalties
First-degree criminal trespass is classified as a class six felony if it involves entering or remaining unlawfully in a residential structure, “cross burning,” or unlawfully entering a critical public service facility. For a first offense, the punishment may range from probation with zero to one year in jail or imprisonment from four months to two years. Previous felony convictions can result in extended prison sentences.
If the criminal trespass involves entering or remaining unlawfully on a fenced residential yard, looking into a residential structure (“peeping”), or being on a property without a valid mineral claim (“illegal mining”), it is charged as a class one misdemeanor. The penalties for a first offense misdemeanor include probation with zero to six months in jail and a fine of up to $2,500 plus an 84% surcharge.
Second-Degree Criminal Trespass Penalties
Second-degree criminal trespass is classified as a class two misdemeanor. If convicted, an individual may face probation and up to four months in jail, along with a fine of $750 plus 80% surcharges.
Third-Degree Criminal Trespass Penalties
Third-degree criminal trespass is charged as a class three misdemeanor. The potential penalties include probation with up to 30 days in jail and a fine of up to $500 plus an 80% surcharge.
Defense Strategies for Criminal Trespass Charges
Building a strong defense against criminal trespass charges requires a comprehensive understanding of the law and the ability to challenge the prosecution’s evidence. At The Law Office of Daniel Hutto, we employ various defense strategies to protect the rights and interests of our clients. Some common defenses include:
Lack of Requisite Intent
Demonstrating that the defendant was unaware they were unlawfully entering or remaining on the property. This can be effective when the defendant was not properly informed through conspicuous signage or other means.
Lack of Authorization
Arguing that the person who asked the defendant to leave lacked actual authority to revoke permission. Establishing a timeline of events and interviewing witnesses can support this defense.
Challenging the admissibility of incriminating statements based on Miranda rights violations or denial of the right to counsel. Additionally, we may challenge search warrants or expose any forensic flaws that may have occurred during the investigation.
Flawed Reports and Procedures
Scrutinizing police reports for inaccuracies, misstatements, or flawed procedures, such as photo line-ups or crime scene reconstructions, can cast doubt on the prosecution’s case.
How The Law Office of Daniel Hutto Can Help
At The Law Office of Daniel Hutto, we have a team of skilled defense attorneys ready to protect your rights and provide you with strong legal representation. Our extensive experience in criminal law and dedication to our clients’ well-being have led to numerous successful outcomes. We understand the importance of a thorough defense and will utilize all available resources to challenge the charges against you.
Contact The Law Office of Daniel Hutto for a Strong Defense
If you are facing criminal trespass charges in Arizona, contact The Law Office of Daniel Hutto for a free initial consultation. Our attorneys are available 24/7 to discuss your case and provide you with the guidance and support you need. Call (602) 536-7878.
Some of Our Real Client Reviews
Daniel Hutto and his team are fantastic. I was in a hard situation when living in Arizona and Daniel worked non stop to gain the best results possible. I appreciate the constant communication and knowing he truly had my best interests and outcome at heart. Thank You Again Daniel. I have already recommended him to anyone looking for legal defense.⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Michael O. (Review From Yelp)
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Daniel saved my record by getting both DUI charges dropped. He truly connected with me and acted as if the case was happening to him. Daniel fights hard and aggressively in court by using real facts and laws. He made me feel secure and taken care of through his communication, diligence and patience to find every little detail and angle of my case. I felt as if we were a team and in this together. He's talented beyond his knowledge of the court system and laws. He's quick on his toes. I really could not have found a better lawyer. I am forever grateful for his thorough effort and determination to find success. Thank you Daniel!!!⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Anonymous (Review from Avvo)